Saturday, July 26, 2008

Word Study - Kingdom


Word Study - Kingdom




Old Testament (Hebrew)
1) Strongs # : H4410
Hb/Gk Word :
mĕluwkah
Pronunciation :
mel·ü·kä'
English Equivalent :
kingdom, royal, king's

2) Strongs # : H4437
Hb/Gk Word :
malkuw (Aramaic)
Pronunciation :
mal·kü'

English Eqivalent : kingdom, reign, realm, kingly

3) Strongs # : H4438
Hb/Gk Word :
malkuwth
Pronunciation :
mal·küth'
English Equivalent :
kingdom, reign, royal, realm, empire, estate

4) Strongs # : H4467
Hb/Gk Word :
mamlakah
Pronunciation :
mam·lä·kä'
English Equivalent :
kingdom, royal, reign, king's

5) Strongs # : H4468
Hb/Gk Word :
mamlakuwth
Pronunciation :
mam·lä·küth'

English Equivalent : kingdom, reign



New Testament (Greek)
1) Strongs # : G932
Hb/Gk Word : basileia
Pronunciation : bä-sē-lā'-ä
English Equivalent :
kingdom (of God), kingdom (of heaven), kingdom (general or evil), (Thy or Thine) kingdom, His kingdom, the kingdom, (My) kingdom, misc .
2) Strongs # : G932
Hb/Gk Word :
euaggelion
Pronunciation : yü-än-ge'-lē-on
English Equivalent : gospel, gospel of Christ, gospel of God, gospel of the kingdom, misc

Kingdom

basileia is primarily an abstract noun, denoting "sovereignty, royal power, dominion," e.g., Rev_17:18, translated "(which) reigneth," lit., "hath a kingdom" (RV marg.); then, by metonymy, a concrete noun, denoting the territory or people over whom a king rules, e.g., Matt_4:8; Mark_3:24. It is used especially of the "kingdom" of God and of Christ.


"The Kingdom of God is (a) the sphere of God's rule, Psalm_22:28; Psalm_145:13; Dan_4:25; Luke_1:52; Rom_13:1,2. Since, however, this earth is the scene of universal rebellion against God, e.g., Luke_4:5,6; 1_John_5:19; Rev_11:15-18, the "kingdom" of God is (b) the sphere in which, at any given time, His rule is acknowledged. God has not relinquished His sovereignty in the face of rebellion, demoniac and human, but has declared His purpose to establish it, Dan_2:44; Dan_7:14; 1_Cor_15:24,25. Meantime, seeking willing obedience, He gave His law to a nation and appointed kings to administer His "kingdom" over it, 1_Chron_28:5. Israel, however, though declaring still a nominal allegiance shared in the common rebellion, Isaiah_1:2-4, and, after they had rejected the Son of God, John_1:11 (cp. Matt_21:33-43), were "cast away," Rom_11:15,20,25. Henceforth God calls upon men everywhere, without distinction of race or nationality, to submit voluntarily to His rule. Thus the "kingdom" is said to be "in mystery" now, Mark_4:11, that is, it does not come within the range of the natural powers of observation, Luke_17:20, but is spiritually discerned, John_3:3 (cp. 1_Cor_2:14). When, hereafter, God asserts His rule universally, then the "kingdom" will be in glory, that is, it will be manifest to all; cp. Matt_25:31-34; Php_2:9-11; 2_Tim_4:1,18.


"Thus, speaking generally, references to the Kingdom fall into two classes, the first, in which it is viewed as present and involving suffering for those who enter it, 2_Thess_1:5; the second, in which it is viewed as future and is associated with reward, Matt_25:34, and glory, Matt_13:43. See also Acts_14:22.
"The fundamental principle of the Kingdom is declared in the words of the Lord spoken in the midst of a company of Pharisees,
"the Kingdom of God is in the midst of you,"
Luke_17:21, marg., that is, where the King is, there is the Kingdom. Thus at the present time and so far as this earth is concerned, where the King is and where His rule is acknowledged, is, first, in the heart of the individual believer, Acts_4:19; Eph_3:17; 1_Pet_3:15; and then in the churches of God, 1_Cor_12:3,5,11; 1_Cor_14:37; cp. Col_1:27, where for "in" read "among."


"Now, the King and His rule being refused, those who enter the Kingdom of God are brought into conflict with all who disown its allegiance, as well as with the desire for ease, and the dislike of suffering and unpopularity, natural to all. On the other hand, subjects of the Kingdom are the objects of the care of God, Matt_6:33, and of the rejected King, Heb_13:5.


"Entrance into the Kingdom of God is by the new birth, Matt_18:3; John_3:5, for nothing that a man may be by nature, or can attain to by any form of self-culture, avails in the spiritual realm. And as the new nature, received in the new birth, is made evident by obedience, it is further said that only such as do the will of God shall enter into His Kingdom, Matt_7:21, where, however, the context shows that the reference is to the future, as in 2_Pet_1:10,11. Cp. also 1_Cor_6:9,10; Gal_5:21; Eph_5:5.


"The expression 'Kingdom of God' occurs four times in Matthew, 'Kingdom of the Heavens' usually taking its place. The latter (cp. Dan_4:26) does not occur elsewhere in NT, but see 2_Tim_4:18, "His heavenly Kingdom." ... This Kingdom is identical with the Kingdom of the Father (cp. Matt_26:29 with Mark_14:25), and with the Kingdom of the Son (cp. Luke_22:30). Thus there is but one Kingdom, variously described: of the Son of Man, Matt_13:41; of Jesus, Rev_1:9; of Christ Jesus, 2_Tim_4:1; "of Christ and God," Eph_5:5; "of our Lord, and of His Christ," Rev_11:15; "of our Lord, and of His Christ," Rev_11:15; "of our God, and the authority of His Christ," Rev_12:10; "of the Son of His love," Col_1:13.


"Concerning the future, the Lord taught His disciples to pray, "Thy Kingdom come," Matt_6:10, where the verb is in the point tense, precluding the notion of gradual progress and development, and implying a sudden catastrophe as declared in 2_Thess_2:8.


"Concerning the present, that a man is of the Kingdom of God is not shown in the punctilious observance of ordinances, which are external and material, but in the deeper matters of the heart, which are spiritual and essential, viz., 'righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Spirit,' Rom_14:17." [ From Notes on Thessalonians by Hogg and Vine, pp. 68-70.]


"With regard to the expressions "the Kingdom of God" and the "Kingdom of the Heavens," while they are often used interchangeably, it does not follow that in every case they mean exactly the same and are quite identical.


"The Apostle Paul often speaks of the Kingdom of God, not dispensationally but morally, e.g., in Rom_14:17; 1_Cor_4:20, but never so of the Kingdom of Heaven. 'God' is not the equivalent of 'the heavens.' He is everywhere and above all dispensations, whereas 'the heavens' are distinguished from the earth, until the Kingdom comes in judgment and power and glory (Rev_11:15, RV) when rule in heaven and on earth will be one.


"While, then, the sphere of the Kingdom of God and the Kingdom of Heaven are at times identical, yet the one term cannot be used indiscriminately for the other. In the 'Kingdom of Heaven' (32 times in Matt.), heaven is in antithesis to earth, and the phrase is limited to the Kingdom in its earthly aspect for the time being, and is used only dispensationally and in connection with Israel. In the 'Kingdom of God', in its broader aspect, God is in antithesis to 'man' or 'the world,' and the term signifies the entire sphere of God's rule and action in relation to the world. It has a moral and spiritual force and is a general term for the Kingdom at any time. The Kingdom of Heaven is always the Kingdom of God, but the Kingdom of God is not limited to the Kingdom of Heaven, until in their final form, they become identical; e.g., Rev_11:15, RV; John_3:5; Rev_12:10." (An Extract).


KINGDOM OF HEAVEN

Compared
"My kingdom is not of this world,"
Children of the
Rich people cannot enter
Keys of KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
Good news of KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
Mysteries of KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
Does not consist of meat and drink
See CHURCH
See JESUS, KINGDOM OF KINGDOM OF HEAVEN

Compared

To a man who sowed good seed -
Matt_13:24-30,38-43 ; Mark_4:26-29
To a granule of mustard seed -
Matt_13:31,32 ; Mark_4:30,31 ; Luke_13:18,19
To leaven (yeast) -
Matt_13:33 ; Luke_13:21
To a treasure -
Matt_13:44
To a pearl -
Matt_13:45
To a net -
Matt_13:47-50
To a king who called his servants for a reckoning (an audit) -
Matt_18:23-35
To a householder -
Matt_20:1-16
To a king who made a marriage feast for his son -
Matt_22:2-14 ; Luke_14:16-24
To ten virgins -
Matt_25:1-13
To a man, traveling into a far country, who called his servants, and delivered to them his goods -
Matt_25:14-30 ; Luke_19:12-27
"My kingdom is not of this world,"
-
John_18:36
Children of the
-
Matt_18:3 ; Matt_19:14 ; Mark_10:14 ; Luke_18:16
Rich people cannot enter
-
Matt_19:23,24 ; Mark_10:23-25 ; Luke_18:24,25,29,30
Keys of KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
-
Matt_16:19
Good news of KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
-
Luke_8:1
Mysteries of KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
-
Luke_8:10
Does not consist of meat and drink
-
Rom_14:17

See CHURCH

See JESUS, KINGDOM OF KINGDOM OF HEAVEN

Strong's Number: 605

Greek: apokatastasis

Pronouciation : ä-po-kä-tä'-stä-sēs (Key)

English Equivalent: 1) restoration -> a) of a true theocracy

b) of the perfect state before the fall

Authorized Version (KJV) Translation Count — Total: 1
AVrestitution 1


from apo, "back, again," kathistemi, "to set in order," is used in
Act 3:21, RV, "restoration" (AV, "restitution"). See under REGENERATION, concerning Israel in its regenerated state hereafter. In the papyri it is used of a temple cell of a goodess, a "repair" of a public way, the "restoration" of estates to rightful owners, a "balancing" of accounts. Apart from papyri illustrations the word is found in an Egyptian reference to a consummating agreement of the word's cyclical periods, an idea somewhat similar to that in the Acts passage (Moulton and Milligan).









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